The code presented in this page can be used to save / copy images on server from external URL address.

- Important: If you work on Linux system, PHP must have CHMOD write permisions in the directory in which the image file will be saved.
<?php
// function to get content from a URL address, with cURL
// returns the content of the page with the address pased to $url parameter
function getContentUrl($url) {
 // https://coursesweb.net/php-mysql/
  // Seting options for cURL
  $ch = curl_init($url);
  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_BINARYTRANSFER,1);
  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, 'Mozilla/21.0 (compatible; MSIE 8.01; Windows NT 5.0)');
  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 200);
  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_AUTOREFERER, false);
  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_REFERER, 'http://google.com');
  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTP_VERSION, CURL_HTTP_VERSION_1_1);
  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0);
  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, TRUE);    // Follows redirect responses

  // gets the file content, trigger error if false
  $file = curl_exec($ch);
  if($file === false) trigger_error(curl_error($ch));

  curl_close ($ch);
  return $file;
}

$src = 'https://marplo.net/imgs/webcourses.gif';       // Image address
$dirimg = 'imgs/';            // directory in which the image will be saved
$localfile = $dirimg. basename($src);         // set image name the same as the file name of the source

// create the file with the image on the server
file_put_contents($localfile, getContentUrl($src));

// Test, show the saved image
echo '<img src="'. $localfile .'" />';
?>
If the image file already exists on server, in the directory from $dirimg, the file will be replaced with the new image.
If you want to not replace the old file, but to save the image with another name, replace this line:
file_put_contents($localfile, getContentUrl($src));
With this code:
// receives the file address, passed by refference
function setLocalfile(&$localfile) {
  GLOBAL $dirimg;
  $imgnm = basename($localfile);      // gets the file name
  preg_match('/^[0-9]*/i', $imgnm, $nrimg);      // gets the number from beginning of file name
  if($nrimg[0] === '') $imgnm = '0_'. $imgnm;   // if no number, sets 0
  else $imgnm = str_replace($nrimg[0], $nrimg[0] + 1, $imgnm);       // replace the number with next one
  $localfile = $dirimg. $imgnm;        // sets the new name, passed by refference to $localfile
  if(file_exists($dirimg. $imgnm)) setLocalfile($localfile);        // calls the function to set another name
}

// if the file exists in $dirimg, calls setLocalfile() to set a new file name
if(file_exists($localfile)) setLocalfile($localfile);

// create the file with the image on the server
file_put_contents($localfile, getContentUrl($src));
- This code, the setLocalfile() function sets a new name with a consecutive number at the beginning of the file name (image.png, 0_image.png, 1_image.png, ...).

- The getContentUrl() can also be used to get the page content of an URL address.

Daily Test with Code Example

HTML
CSS
JavaScript
PHP-MySQL
Which tag is used in <table> to create table header cell?
<thead> <th> <td>
<table><tr>
  <th>Title 1</th>
  <th>Title 2</th>
</tr></table>
Which CSS property sets the distance between lines?
line-height word-spacing margin
.some_class {
  line-height: 150%;
}
Which function opens a new browser window.
alert() confirm() open()
document.getElementById("id_button").onclick = function(){
  window.open("http://coursesweb.net/");
}
Indicate the PHP function that returns an array with names of the files and folders inside a directory.
mkdir() scandir() readdir()
$ar_dir = scandir("dir_name");
var_export($ar_dir);
Save image on server from external URL

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