Recursive Functions are functions that auto-call themself. Generally, a recursive function returns a value that are passed as argument, so the value is passed from an auto-call to the other, until it is returned.
Recursive functions are very useful in equations with factorial numbers and some operatios with multi-dimensional array.
Factorials are written like 6! and this means: 6 * 5 * 4 * 3 * 2 * 1. So 6! is 4320 and 4! is 24.
In the fallowing example we have a recursive function that finds the factorial of a number "$nr" (here 8).

// this function auto-calls itself (decrementing $nr) until $nr is 0
function factorial($nr) {
 if($nr > 0) $re = $nr * factorial($nr-1);
 else if($nr == 0) $re = 1;

 return $re;

echo '8 factorial is: '. factorial(8); // 8 factorial is: 45360

- To see another example, visit this page: Get all the unique numbers from two-dimensional array.

Daily Test with Code Example

What attribute makes the input text box to not be modified by the user?
checked="checked" readonly="readonly" disabled="disabled"
<input type="text" value="fixed-value" readonly="readonly" name="a_name" />
What CSS property allows you to create rounded corners in your webpage design?
background-size border-size border-radius
.class {
  border:2px solid blue;
What instruction displays a confirmation dialog box to the viewer, who must then click OK or Cancel to proceed?
indexOf() confirm() prompt()
var ques = window.confirm("The result of 0+0 is 0?");
if (ques) alert("Corect");
else alert("Incorrect");
Indicate the PHP function that returns the lowest number of the parameter values.
floor() ceil() min()
$min_nr = min(12, 8, 25, 13);
echo $min_nr;        // 8
Recursive Functions in PHP

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