To get a random number in PHP, you can use the mt_rand() function (there is also rand() function, but, according to PHP documentation, mt_rand() is faster).
- Example:
$nr = mt_rand();
echo $nr;

• To get a random number between a minimum and maximum number, use this syntax:   mt_rand($min, $max).
$nr = mt_rand(1000, 9999);
echo $nr;

Random numbers from array

If you have an array of numbers, and you want to get an random number from that array, you can use the array_rand() function. This function returns the key for a random entry.
- Example:
$nrs = array(123, 567, 4556, 34245, 78);
$rk = array_rand($nrs);
$nr = $nrs[$rk];
echo $nr;       // 4556

• If you want to pick more than one random key from array, add a seccond argument that specifies the number of keys (less than the number of elements of that array). In this case, array_rand($array, $nrk) will return an array with $nrs number of random keys from $array.
$nrs = array(123, 567, 4556, 34425, 78, 789);
$rks = array_rand($nrs, 2);     // contains 2 random keys (2, 5)

echo $nrs[$rks[0]];      // 4556
echo $nrs[$rks[1]];      // 789

Random number with distinct digits

If you want to get a random number between a minimum and maximum number, but with distinct digits, without repeated character in the random number, you can use the following function.
// returns a random number between $min and $max, with distinct digits
function getDistinctNr($min, $max) {
 // random number with distinct digits ( )
  $nrstr = (string) mt_rand($min, $max);     // get random number, converted into string
  $n_nr = strlen($nrstr);           // number of characters
  $setnr = array();           // to store distinct digits that will form the returned number

  // traverse the characters of $nrstr to add in $setnr only its distinct digits
  // if number already in $setnr, traverse 0 to 9 to define another distinct number
  for($i=0; $i<$n_nr; $i++) {
    if(!in_array($nrstr[$i], $setnr)) $setnr[] = $nrstr[$i];
    else {
      for($i2=0; $i2<10; $i2++) {
        if(!in_array($i2, $setnr)) {
          $setnr[] = $i2;

  return implode('', $setnr);

// Test
$nr = getDistinctNr(1000, 9999);
echo $nr;

Daily Test with Code Example

Which HTML5 tag is indicated to be used as container for menu with navigation links in Web site?
<section> <nav> <article>
 <li><a href="" title="CSS Course">CSS Course</a></li>
 <li><a href="" title="Flash Games">Flash Games</a></li>
Which CSS property shifts an item horizontally to the left or right of where it was?
text-align clear float
.some_class {
  width: 30%;
  float: left;
Click on the Math object method which returns x, rounded downwards to the nearest integer.
Math.ceil(x) Math.abs(x) Math.floor(x)
var num = 12.34567;
num = Math.floor(num);
alert(num);       // 12
Indicate the PHP function which returns the number of characters in string.
mb_strlen() count() stristr()
$str = "string with utf-8 chars åèö";
$nrchr = mb_strlen($str);
echo $nrchr;        // 30
Random numbers in PHP

Last accessed pages

  1. Disable button and Enable it after specified time (6135)
  2. Send Email with Nodemailer (520)
  3. Read Excel file data in PHP - PhpExcelReader (56583)
  4. PHP PDO - exec (INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE) MySQL (41515)
  5. Add, Change, and Remove Attributes with jQuery (35983)

Popular pages this month

  1. Read Excel file data in PHP - PhpExcelReader (320)
  2. PhpSpreadsheet - Read, Write Excel and LibreOffice Calc files (265)
  3. Register and show online users and visitors (253)
  4. Courses Web: PHP-MySQL JavaScript Ajax HTML CSS Flash-AS3 (244)
  5. Insert, Select and Update NULL value in MySQL (156)