PHP 5.3.0 and later have finfo class with methods to get the content type and encoding of a file or string content, by looking for certain magic byte sequences at specific positions within that file /content.
- The getMimeType() function presented in this page uses the finfo class to return the Mime Type of a file, or a String content, in PHP.
This function is useful if you want to output a content with a header() that contains the correct Content-Type.
- Click on the code to select it.
function getMimeType($r, $t='file') {
//Returns the Mime Type of a file or a string content - from: https://coursesweb.net/
// $r = the resource: Path to the file; Or the String content
// $t = type of the resource, needed to be specified as "str" if $r is a string-content
  $finfo = new finfo(FILEINFO_MIME_TYPE);
  return ($t =='str') ? $finfo->buffer($r) : $finfo->file($r);
}
- If you want to get the mime-type of a file, just call the getMimeType() function with the path of that file.
- To get the mime-type of a string-content, call this function with the string-content and "str" as the 2nd argument.

• Examples:
1. Set header with the Content-Type of a file on server.
// here add the getMimeType() function

$file = 'path_to/file.pdf';
$mime_type = getMimeType($file);

// set the header and outputs the file
header('Content-Type: '. $mime_type);
readfile($file);
exit;
2. Set header with the mime-type of a content from an URL address.
// here add the getMimeType() function

$url = 'https://coursesweb.net/imgs/coursesweb.png';
$cnt = file_get_contents($url);  //gets the string content
$mime_type = getMimeType($cnt, 'str');  //get the mime-type of the content in $cnt

// set the header and outputs the content
header('Content-Type: '. $mime_type);
echo $cnt;
exit;

Daily Test with Code Example

HTML
CSS
JavaScript
PHP-MySQL
Which HTML5 tag defines marked text? (can be used to highlight parts of text)
<mark> <embed> <span>
<p>Free corses: <mark>coursesweb.net</mark> for Web Development.</p>
Which CSS pseudo-class adds a style to an element when the mouse is over it?
:focus :hover :active
a:hover {
  font-weight: bold;
  color: #00da01;
}
Click on the function which returns a string value that represents the number rounded to the x digits after the decimal point.
toPrecision(x) toFixed(x) floor(x)
var num = 12.34567;
num = num.toFixed(2);
alert(num);       // 12.35
Indicate the PHP function which reads an entire file into an array.
[) file() readfile()
$arr = file("a_file.txt", FILE_IGNORE_NEW_LINES | FILE_SKIP_EMPTY_LINES);
var_export($arr);
Get Mime Type of file or string content in PHP

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