Every action on a computer is an event. Like when a connection is made or a file is opened, or a button is pressed.
Objects in Node.js can emit events, like the readStream object fires events when opening and closing a file.
To listen an event, use the on() method.
var fs = require('fs');
var rs = fs.createReadStream('./test/file.txt');
rs.on('open', ()=>{
  console.log('The file is open');
});

Events Module in Node.js

Node.js has a built-in module, called "events", that can be used to create, emit, and listen for your own events.
To include the Events module use the require() method. All event properties and methods are an instance of an EventEmitter object.
To access these properties and methods, create an EventEmitter object. Then, you can register events and assign listeners to your own events with the EventEmitter object.
To emit an event, use the emit() method.
- Example: Calling a funtion when the "voice" event is emited:
var events = require('events');
var evEm = new events.EventEmitter();

//Create a listener function
var onVoice = ()=>{
  console.log('I hear a voice');
}

//Assign the listener function to an event
evEm.on('voice', onVoice);

//Emit the 'voice' event
evEm.emit('voice');

Passing arguments to the listener function

The emitter.emit() method allows to pass arguments to the listener functions, after the event name.
var events = require('events');
var evEm = new events.EventEmitter();

//Create a listener function with 2 parameters
var onVoice = (a, b)=>{
  console.log('I hear a voice with: '+ a +' and '+ b);
}

//Assign the listener function to an event
evEm.on('voice', onVoice);

//Emit the 'voice' event, passing two arguments: 'love', 'voice'
evEm.emit('voice', 'love', 'peace');

Removing event listener

To remove a registered event use the emitter.removeListener(eventName, listener) method, .
var events = require('events');
var evEm = new events.EventEmitter();
let nre =0;

//Create a listener function with 2 parameters
var onVoice = (a)=>{
  console.log('I hear a voice with: '+ a);
  nre++;

  //removes onVoice listener for 'voice' event
  if(nre >=2) evEm.removeListener('voice', onVoice);
}

//Assign the listener function to an event
evEm.on('voice', onVoice);

//Emit the 'voice' event three times
evEm.emit('voice', 'love');
evEm.emit('voice', 'peace');
evEm.emit('voice', 'joy');

//Prints:
// I hear a voice with: love
// I hear a voice with: peace
- For more details about events module, see the Events Node.js Documentation page.

Daily Test with Code Example

HTML
CSS
JavaScript
PHP-MySQL
Click on the HTML tag which creates an horizontal line in web page.
<br /> <em> <hr />
Some content ...
<hr />
Content under line ...
Which CSS property defines the text color?
font-style font-variant color
h2 {
  color: #cbdafb;
}
Click on the function which searches if a character, or text exists in a string.
indexOf() toString() split()
var str = "Web courses - http://CoursesWeb.net/";
if(str.indexOf("http://") == -1) alert("http:// isn`t in string");
else alert("http:// is in string");
Which function splits a string into an array of strings based on a separator?
array_merge() explode() implode()
$str = "apple,banana,melon,pear";
$arr = explode(",", $str);
var_export($arr);      // array (0=>"apple", 1=>"banana", 2=>"melon", 3=>"pear")
Events, EventEmitter object

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