Laravel Course

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Laravel's database query builder provides a convenient, fluent interface to creating and running database queries.
- It uses PDO parameter binding to protect your application against SQL injection. There is no need to clean strings passed as bindings.

First, add the DB facade in your controller:
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\DB;
Then, you may use the table() method on the DB facade to begin a query.


To execute Inserts statements with query builder, use the insert() method. It accepts an array of column names and values.
DB::table('users')->insert(['name'=>'MarPlo', 'votes'=>0]);
- To insert several records into the table with a single call to insert(), pass an array of arrays.
 ['name'=>'MarPlo', 'votes'=>0],
 ['name'=>'PloMar', 'votes'=>0]

Auto-Incrementing ID

If the table has an AUTO-INCREMENTING id, use the insertGetId() method to insert a record and then retrieve the ID.
$id = DB::table('users')->insertGetId(['name'=>'MarPlo', 'votes'=>0]);


To update records in MySQL with query builder, use the update() method. It accepts an array of column names and values.
You may also use where() clauses.
DB::table('users')->where('id', 1)->update(['votes'=>1]);
- When updating a JSON column (on databases that support JSON columns), use "->" syntax to access the appropriate key in the JSON object.
DB::table('users')->where('id', 1)->update(['options->enabled'=>true]);

Increment / Decrement

For incrementing or decrementing the value of a column, you may use the increment('col', $nr) / decrement('col', $nr) methods.
The first argument is the 'column name', the second argument is optional, a number to control the amount by which the column should be incremented or decremented.

DB::table('users')->increment('votes', 5);


DB::table('users')->decrement('votes', 5);
- You may also specify additional columns to update during the operation.
DB::table('users')->increment('votes', 1, ['name'=>'MarPlo']);


To delete records in MySQL with query builder, use the delete() method.
You may also use where() clauses.
DB::table('users')->where('votes', '>', 10)->delete();
- If you wish to truncate the entire table (which will remove all rows and reset the auto-incrementing ID to zero), you may use the truncate() method.

- Documentation: Laravel - Database: Query Builder

Daily Test with Code Example

Which HTML5 tag defines marked text? (can be used to highlight parts of text)
<mark> <embed> <span>
<p>Free corses: <mark></mark> for Web Development.</p>
Which CSS pseudo-class adds a style to an element when the mouse is over it?
:focus :hover :active
a:hover {
  font-weight: bold;
  color: #00da01;
Click on the function which returns a string value that represents the number rounded to the x digits after the decimal point.
toPrecision(x) toFixed(x) floor(x)
var num = 12.34567;
num = num.toFixed(2);
alert(num);       // 12.35
Indicate the PHP function which reads an entire file into an array.
[) file() readfile()
$arr = file("a_file.txt", FILE_IGNORE_NEW_LINES | FILE_SKIP_EMPTY_LINES);
MySQL Query Builder: Insert, Update, Delete

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