There are various scripts to create tab effect, many of them use jQuery or other JavaScript framework, but I wanted to make one by myself.
In this page is a script for tabs effect created with HTML, CSS, and pure JavaScript.
The innovation in this code is the fact that if the page is refreshed, it will keep displayed the last active /opened tab. For this feature it uses the sessionStorage JavaScript object. If you want to not use this feature, just comment /delete this line of code:
sessionStorage.setItem('activetab', this.id);
- Here is the complete code: HTML, CSS, JavaScript (click on the code to select it).
<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8" />
<title>Tabs effect with HTML, CSS, JavaScript</title>
<style type="text/css">
/* Tabs */
#tabs{
position:relative;
 margin:2em auto 2em 8%;
 width:22em;
 background-color:#d0d1fe;
 padding:0 .15em 0 .5em;
 -moz-border-radius:.6em;
 -webkit-border-radius:.6em;
 -khtml-border-radius:.6em;
 border-radius:.6em;
}
#tabs li{
 display:inline;
 margin:auto .2em;
 border:1px solid #adadda;
 background-color:#e6e7fe;
 padding:.35em;
 font-size:1em;
 font-weight:700;
 cursor:pointer;
}
#tabs li.tabvi{
 background-color:#d1fdd2;
 border:1px solid #b7f3b8;
 -moz-border-radius:1px;
 -webkit-border-radius:1px;
 -khtml-border-radius:1px;
 border-radius:1px;
}
#tabs li:hover{
 border:1px dotted #adadda;
 background-color:#f9f9b8;
 text-decoration:underline;
 color:#0102d8;
}
/* Tabs content */
#tb0_c, #tb1_c, #tb2_c, #tb3_c {
 position:relative;
 margin:.1em 2%;
 background:#fbfbe1;
 padding:.3em 3%;
 -moz-border-radius:.9em;
 -webkit-border-radius:.9em;
 -khtml-border-radius:.9em;
 border-radius:.9em;
}
#tb1_c, #tb2_c, #tb3_c { display: none; }
</style>
</head>
<body>

<ul id="tabs">
  <li id="tb0" class="tabvi">Tab 1</li>
  <li id="tb1">Tab 2</li>
  <li id="tb2">Tab 3</li>
  <li id="tb3">Tab 4</li>
</ul>

<div id="tb0_c">Content: ...<br>Web site: https://coursesweb.net/ - Web development, free courses.</div>
<div id="tb1_c">Content: ...<br>Web site: https://marplo.net/ - Web development, foreign languages, games.</div>
<div id="tb2_c">Content: ...<br>Web site: http://php.net/ - PHP official website.</div>
<div id="tb3_c">Content: ...<br>Web site: http://www.google.com/ - Global search engine portal.</div>

<script>
  /* Tabs effect ( https://coursesweb.net/ ) */

// sets active tab, hides tabs content and shows content associated to current active tab
// receives the number of tabs, and the id of active tab
function tabsCnt(nr_tabs, av_tab) {
  document.getElementById('tabs').querySelector('.tabvi').removeAttribute('class');
  if(document.getElementById(av_tab)) document.getElementById(av_tab).setAttribute('class', 'tabvi');
  for(var i=0; i<nr_tabs; i++) document.getElementById('tb'+ i +'_c').style.display = 'none';
  if(document.getElementById(av_tab +'_c')) document.getElementById(av_tab +'_c').style.display = 'block';
}

// get the tabs elements
var ultabs = document.getElementById('tabs').querySelectorAll('li');
var nr_ultabs = ultabs.length;

// See if we have an activetab value (this will only happen if the page is refreshed)
if(sessionStorage.getItem('activetab')) {
  tabsCnt(nr_ultabs, sessionStorage.getItem('activetab'));
}

// registers click for tabs
for(var i=0; i<nr_ultabs; i++) ultabs[i].addEventListener('click', function(){
  tabsCnt(nr_ultabs, this.id);

  // stores the id of the current active tab
  sessionStorage.setItem('activetab', this.id);
}, false);
</script>

</body>
</html>

• Demo (click on Tabs, then refresh the page, the last opened tab will remain active):
Content: ...
Web site: https://coursesweb.net/ - Web development, free courses.
Content: ...
Web site: https://marplo.net/ - Web development, foreign languages, games.
Content: ...
Web site: http://php.net/ - PHP official website.
Content: ...
Web site: http://www.google.com/ - Global search engine portal.

Daily Test with Code Example

HTML
CSS
JavaScript
PHP-MySQL
Which HTML5 tag can be used to embed an external application (SWF, PDF) in web page?
<mark> <embed> <canvas>
<embed src="flash_game.swf" width="450" height="350" />
Which CSS pseudo-element adds a special style to the first line of a text?
:first-letter :before :first-line
#id:first-line {
  font-weight: bold;
  color: blue;
}
Click on the window object property which gets or sets the URL of current page.
window.location window.self window.status
var url = window.location;
alert(url);
Indicate the PHP function used to get the contents of a file or page and store it into a string.
fopen() file_put_contents() file_get_contents()
$homepage = file_get_contents("http://coursesweb.net/");
echo $homepage;
Creating Tabs Effect with JavaScript

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