The clearCanvas() function presented in this page can be used to clear propely the drawing and text contexts from canvas.
// function to clear the canvas ( https://coursesweb.net/ )
// cnv = the object with the canvas element
function clearCanvas(cnv) {
  var ctx = cnv.getContext('2d');     // gets reference to canvas context
  ctx.beginPath();    // clear existing drawing paths
  ctx.save();         // store the current transformation matrix

  // Use the identity matrix while clearing the canvas
  ctx.setTransform(1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0);
  ctx.clearRect(0, 0, cnv.width, cnv.height);

  ctx.restore();        // restore the transform
}
- This function is useful when you want to remove all the canvas context to can add new drawings and texts on an empty canvas.

• Here is an example, when a "Set Nr" button is clicked, a random number between 1 and 100 is displayed in canvas. A "Clear" button will clear the canvas context, so to not display the numbers one over the other; that will happen if you click the "Set Nr" button again (see the comments in code).
<h4>Canvas</h4><canvas width="200" height="100" id="cnv1"></canvas><br/>
<button id="clear_cnv">Clear</button> - <button id="setnr_cnv">Set Nr</button>
<script type="text/javascript">
// <![CDATA[
// function to clear the canvas ( https://coursesweb.net/ )
// cnv = the object with the canvas element
function clearCanvas(cnv) {
  var ctx = cnv.getContext('2d');     // gets reference to canvas context
  ctx.beginPath();    // clear existing drawing paths
  ctx.save();         // store the current transformation matrix

  // Use the identity matrix while clearing the canvas
  ctx.setTransform(1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0);
  ctx.clearRect(0, 0, cnv.width, cnv.height);

  ctx.restore();        // restore the transform
}

// sets and adds a random number in canvas
// cnv = the object with the canvas element
function  addNrCnv(cnv) {
  // gets a random number between 1 and 100
  var nr =  Math.floor(Math.random() * 100 + 1);

  var ctx = cnv.getContext('2d');     // gets reference to canvas context

  // create text with the number in canvas (sets text color, font type and size)
  ctx.fillStyle = '#00f';
  ctx.font = 'italic 38px sans-serif';
  ctx.fillText(nr, 80, 64);
}

// get a reference to the <canvas> tag
var cnv1 = document.getElementById('cnv1');

// register onclick event for #clear_cnv button to call the clearCanvas()
document.getElementById('clear_cnv').onclick = function() { clearCanvas(cnv1); }

// register onclick event for #setnr_cnv button to call the addNrCnv()
document.getElementById('setnr_cnv').onclick = function() { addNrCnv(cnv1); }
// ]]>
</script>
- Demo (Click "Set Nr" to add a random number, click "Clear" to clear the canvas):

Canvas


-

Daily Test with Code Example

HTML
CSS
JavaScript
PHP-MySQL
Which attribute specifies the HTTP method (GET, POST) used to submit the form-data?
action method value
<form action="script.php" method="post"> ... </form>
Which CSS property allows to add shadow to boxes?
background-image box-shadow border-radius
#id {
  background-color: #bbfeda;
  box-shadow: 11px 11px 5px #7878da;
}
Which function removes the first element from an array?
pop() push() shift()
var fruits = ["apple", "apricot", "banana"];
fruits.shift();
alert(fruits.length);           // 2
Indicate the function that can be used to check if a PHP extension is instaled.
function() filetype() extension_loaded()
if(extension_loaded("PDO") === true) echo "PDO is available."
Clear Canvas Context

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