In this tutorial you can learn how to select data from two MySQL tables with a single query.
When the SQL query selects columns from diferent tables, you must specify the table name and the column; the syntax is:
SELECT `table1`.`column`, `table2`.`column` FROM `table1`, `table2` WHERE conditon

Let's see some examples, in which we'll use the following two tables, named "categories" and "links".
categories
idcategory
1 PHP-MySQL
2 HTML
links
idlinkvisits
1 coursesweb.net/php-mysql/arrays 12
1 coursesweb.net/php-mysql/strings 15
2 coursesweb.net/html/html-tables 18

1. Select all the columns from "categories" table where id=2, and the "link" and "visits" columns where visits>13.
SELECT `categories`.*, `links`.`link`, `links`.`visits` FROM `categories`, `links` WHERE `categories`.`id`=2 AND `links`.`visits`>13
Result:
| id | category |	              link             | visits |
-----------------------------------------------------------------
| 2 |   HTML    | coursesweb.net/php-mysql/strings |   15   |
| 2 |   HTML    | coursesweb.net/html/html-tables  |   18   |


2. Select the "category", and the "link" columns, where the 'id' in the 'categories' table is 1 and the id in the 'links' table is equal with the 'id' of the 'categories'.
SELECT `categories`.`category`, `links`.`link` FROM `categories`, `links` WHERE `categories`.`id`=1 AND `categories`.`id`=`links`.`id`
Result:
| category  |               link                   |
----------------------------------------------------
| PHP-MySQL | coursesweb.net/php-mysql/arrays  |
| PHP-MySQL | coursesweb.net/php-mysql/strings |

Two Selects in a Query

You can also perform two select commands in a SQL query.
Examples:

1. Select the "link" column (from 'links') where the "id" corresponds to the HTML value (stored in the 'categories').
SELECT `link` FROM `links` WHERE `id`=(SELECT `id` FROM `categories` WHERE `category`='HTML')
Result:
|               link                  |
---------------------------------------
| coursesweb.net/html/html-tables |


2. Counts all rows in the 'links' table, where visits>14, and selects "category" column from 'categories' where id<4.
SELECT (SELECT COUNT(*) FROM `links` WHERE `visits`>14) AS nrl, `category` FROM `categories` WHERE `id`<4
Result:
| nrl | category  |
-------------------
|  2  | PHP-MySQL |
|  2  |   HTML    |

- There is also another way to select columns from two tables in a single query, by using the JOIN command. This method is presented in the next tutorial.

Daily Test with Code Example

HTML
CSS
JavaScript
PHP-MySQL
Which attribute is used in <a> tag for the address of the link?
src href rel
<a href="http://coursesweb.net/" title="CoursesWeb.net">CoursesWeb.net</a>
Which CSS property sets the type of the text font?
font-family text-decoration font-size
h2 {
  font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
}
What instruction selects all the <div> tags with class="cls"?
querySelector("div.cls") getElementsByTagName("div") querySelectorAll("div.cls")
var elm_list = document.querySelectorAll("div.cls");
var nr_elms = elm_list.length;       // number of selected items
alert(nr_elms);
Indicate the function that can be used to get the sum of values in an array.
array_sum() array_diff() array_shift()
$arr = array(1, 2, 3, 4);
$arr_sum = array_sum($arr);
echo $arr_sum;       // 10
Select in two MySQL tables

Last accessed pages

  1. jQuery ajax() method (8204)
  2. Multiple Select Dropdown List with AJAX (9519)
  3. Execute JavaScript scripts loaded via AJAX (2222)
  4. Register and show online users and visitors (7815)
  5. innerHTML and outerHTML to Get and Replace HTML content (6162)

Top accessed pages

  1. Courses Web: PHP-MySQL JavaScript Ajax HTML CSS Flash-AS3 (29588)
  2. PHP-MySQL free course, online tutorials PHP MySQL code (24439)
  3. Get Attribute (ID, Class, Name, Title, Src) with jQuery (23625)
  4. Read Excel file data in PHP - PhpExcelReader (21955)
  5. PHP PDO - exec (INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE) MySQL (20564)