Recursive Functions are functions that auto-call themself. Generally, a recursive function returns a value that are passed as argument, so the value is passed from an auto-call to the other, until it is returned.
Recursive functions are very useful in equations with factorial numbers and some operatios with multi-dimensional array.
Factorials are written like 6! and this means: 6 * 5 * 4 * 3 * 2 * 1. So 6! is 4320 and 4! is 24.
In the fallowing example we have a recursive function that finds the factorial of a number "$nr" (here 8).

// this function auto-calls itself (decrementing $nr) until $nr is 0
function factorial($nr) {
 if($nr > 0) $re = $nr * factorial($nr-1);
 else if($nr == 0) $re = 1;

 return $re;

echo '8 factorial is: '. factorial(8); // 8 factorial is: 45360

- To see another example, visit this page: Get all the unique numbers from two-dimensional array.

Daily Test with Code Example

Which meta tag provides a short description of the page?
<meta content="..."> <meta description="..."> <meta http-equiv="...">
<meta name="description" content="70-160 characters that describes the content of the page" />
Which CSS property is used to stop the wrapping effect of the "float"?
clear text-align position
#some_id {
  clear: both;
Click on the method which gets an array with all the elements in the document that have a specified tag name.
getElementsByName() getElementById() getElementsByTagName()
var divs = document.getElementsByTagName("div");
var nr_divs = divs.length;
Indicate the PHP function which returns the number of elements in array.
is_[) count() strlen()
$arr =[7, 8, "abc", 10);
$nri = count($arr);
echo $nri;        // 4
Recursive Functions in PHP

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