A PHP function that can be used to merge multiple files, line by line. The function (named mergeLineFiles() ) returns an array with the merged lines; for example an array like this:
array (
  0 => 'line_1 from file1',
  1 => 'line_1 from file2',
  2 => 'line_1 from file3',
  3 => 'line_2 from file1',
  4 => 'line_2 from file2',
  5 => 'line_2 from file3',
  6 => 'line_3 from file1',
  7 => 'line_3 from file2',
  8 => 'line_3 from file3',
  // and so on ...
);
- With implode(), and file_put_contents(), the lines can be saved in another file.

The mergeLineFiles() function receives two parameters: an array with the files (path and name), and the number of lines that will be merged from each file. The second parameter is optional, if it is not added, or it is 0, the function will merge all the lines.

Code of the mergeLineFiles() function

/*
 Merge Multiple Files, Line by Line
 From: http://coursesweb.net/php-mysql/
 - $files = array with files (path and name)
 - $maxlines = maximum number of lines added from each file (0 will add all the lines)

 Returns an array with the merged lines
*/
function mergeLineFiles($files, $maxlines = 0) {
  $final_lines = array();         // stores the merged lines

  // gets and stores files data, arrays with lines of each file
  $filesdata = array();
  $nrfiles = count($files);
  $arr_nr_lines = array();         // stores the number of lines in each file
  for($i=0; $i<$nrfiles; $i++) {
    if(file_exists($files[$i])) {
      $filesdata[] = file($files[$i], FILE_IGNORE_NEW_LINES | FILE_SKIP_EMPTY_LINES);
      $arr_nr_lines[] = count(end($filesdata));
    }
  }

  $nrfiles = count($filesdata);        // number of arrays with lines
  if($nrfiles > 0) {
    $lines = ($maxlines == 0) ? max($arr_nr_lines) : $maxlines;
    for($i=0; $i<$lines; $i++) {
      // traverses the array with file-lines
      // adds in $final_lines the first line of each file, and remove the line from array
      for($i2=0; $i2<$nrfiles; $i2++) {
        if(isset($filesdata[$i2][0])) $final_lines[] = array_shift($filesdata[$i2]);
      }
    }
  }

  return $final_lines;
}
- Example usage, merge the lines of 3 files into another file. It uses the mergeLineFiles() function to get the array with the merged lines, than save them on server with file_put_contents():
<?php
/*
 Merge Multiple Files, Line by Line
 From: http://coursesweb.net/php-mysql/
 - $files = array with files (path and name)
 - $maxlines = maximum number of lines added from each file (0 will add all the lines)

 Returns an array with the merged lines
*/
function mergeLineFiles($files, $maxlines = 0) {
  $final_lines = array();         // stores the merged lines

  // gets and stores files data, arrays with lines of each file
  $filesdata = array();
  $nrfiles = count($files);
  $arr_nr_lines = array();         // stores the number of lines in each file
  for($i=0; $i<$nrfiles; $i++) {
    if(file_exists($files[$i])) {
      $filesdata[] = file($files[$i], FILE_IGNORE_NEW_LINES | FILE_SKIP_EMPTY_LINES);
      $arr_nr_lines[] = count(end($filesdata));
    }
  }

  $nrfiles = count($filesdata);        // number of arrays with lines
  if($nrfiles > 0) {
    $lines = ($maxlines == 0) ? max($arr_nr_lines) : $maxlines;
    for($i=0; $i<$lines; $i++) {
      // traverses the array with file-lines
      // adds in $final_lines the first line of each file, and remove the line from array
      for($i2=0; $i2<$nrfiles; $i2++) {
        if(isset($filesdata[$i2][0])) $final_lines[] = array_shift($filesdata[$i2]);
      }
    }
  }

  return $final_lines;
}

  /* Usage mergeLineFiles() */

$files = array('file1.txt', 'file2.txt', 'file3.txt');      // array with the files
$final_file = 'somefile.txt';           // the file in wich the merged lines wil be saved

// calls the mergeLineFiles() function, and stores all the merged lines
$final_lines = mergeLineFiles($files);

// Or, merge only the first four lines of each files
// $final_lines = mergeLineFiles($files, 4);

// saves the merged files into $final_file
if(file_put_contents($final_file, implode(PHP_EOL, $final_lines))) echo 'Lines saved';
else echo 'Unable to save data';
?>

Daily Test with Code Example

HTML
CSS
JavaScript
PHP-MySQL
Which tag is used to add lists into <ul> and <ol> elements?
<dt> <dd> <li>
<ul>
 <li>http://coursesweb.net/html/</li>
 <li>http://coursesweb.net/css/</li>
</ul>
Which value of the "display" property creates a block box for the content and ads a bullet marker?
block list-item inline-block
.some_class {
  display: list-item;
}
Which instruction converts a JavaScript object into a JSON string.
JSON.parse() JSON.stringify eval()
var obj = {
 "courses": ["php", "javascript", "ajax"]
};
var jsonstr = JSON.stringify(obj);
alert(jsonstr);    // {"courses":["php","javascript","ajax"]}
Indicate the PHP class used to work with HTML and XML content in PHP.
stdClass PDO DOMDocument
$strhtml = '<body><div id="dv1">CoursesWeb.net</div></body>';
$dochtml = new DOMDocument();
$dochtml->loadHTML($strhtml);
$elm = $dochtml->getElementById("dv1");
echo $elm->nodeValue;    // CoursesWeb.net
Merge Multiple Files, Line by Line

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