Rather than creating and managing connections one-by-one, "mysql" module also provides built-in connection pooling using mysql.createPool(config) method.
A connection pool is a cache of database connections maintained so that the connections can be reused when future requests to the database are required.
Connection pools are used to enhance the performance of executing commands on a database.
In connection pooling, after a connection is created, it is placed in the pool and it is used again so that a new connection does not have to be established. If all the connections are being used, a new connection is made and is added to the pool.
Pools accept all the same options as a connection. When creating a new connection, the options are simply passed to the connection constructor.
Example of using pool directly:
const mysql = require('mysql');

const pool = mysql.createPool({
  host: 'localhost',
  user: 'root',
  password: 'pass',
  database: 'nodedb',
  charset: 'utf8'
});

let sql ='SELECT 1 + 1 AS solution';

pool.query(sql, (err, res, fields)=>{
  if(err) throw err;
  console.log('The solution is: ', res[0].solution);
});

- Call the pool.getConnection() method to use a connection from pool.
When you are done with a connection, just call con.release();, and the connection will return to the pool, ready to be used again by someone else.
const mysql = require('mysql');

const pool = mysql.createPool({
  host: 'localhost',
  user: 'root',
  password: 'pass',
  database: 'nodedb',
  charset: 'utf8'
});

//use pool connection
var sql ='SELECT 1 + 1 AS solution';

pool.query(sql, (err, res, fields)=>{
  if(err) throw err;
  console.log('The solution is: ', res[0].solution);
});

//another connection
pool.getConnection((err, con)=>{
  sql ='SELECT id, name FROM friends LIMIT 1';

  // Use the connection
  con.query(sql, (err, res, fields)=>{
    console.log(res[0]);
    con.release(); //done with the connection, free memory

    // Handle error after the release
    if(err) throw error;

    // Don't use the connection here, it has been returned to the pool.
  });
});
Results:
The solution is: 2
{id: 1, name: 'Olpram'}
- If you would like to close the connection and remove it from the pool, use con.destroy(); instead. The pool will create a new connection the next time getConnection() is called.

- For more details and examples, see documentation: Node.js MySQL Pooling connections.

Daily Test with Code Example

HTML
CSS
JavaScript
PHP-MySQL
Which tag adds a new line into a paragraph?
<b> <br> <p>
First line ...<br>
Other line...
Which CSS property can be used to add space between letters?
text-size word-spacing letter-spacing
#id {
  letter-spacing: 2px;
}
What JavaScript function can be used to get access to HTML element with a specified ID?
getElementById() getElementsByTagName() createElement()
var elm = document.getElementById("theID");
var content = elm.innerHTML;
alert(content);
Click on the "echo" correct instruction.
echo "CoursesWeb.net" echo "CoursesWeb.net"; echo ""CoursesWeb.net";
echo "Address URL: http://CoursesWeb.net";
MySQL Pooling Connections

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