Laravel's database query builder provides a convenient, fluent interface to creating and running database queries.
- It uses PDO parameter binding to protect your application against SQL injection. There is no need to clean strings passed as bindings.

Joins

To perform a basic "inner join", you may use the join() method on a query builder instance.
The first argument is the name of the table you need to join to; the remaining arguments specify the relation of the columns for the join.
- You can join to multiple tables in a single query:
$users = DB::table('users')
 ->join('contacts', 'users.id', '=', 'contacts.user_id')
 ->join('orders', 'users.id', '=', 'orders.user_id')
 ->select('users.*', 'contacts.email', 'orders.price')
->get();
- To perform a "left join" query, use the leftJoin() method, in the same way as the join() method.
$users = DB::table('users')
 ->leftJoin('posts', 'users.id', '=', 'posts.user_id')
->get();

Unions

To "union" two queries together, create an initial query and use the union() method to union it with a second query.
$first = DB::table('users')->whereNull('first_name');

$users = DB::table('users')->whereNull('last_name')
->union($first)->get();


- Documentation: Laravel - Database: Query Builder

Daily Test with Code Example

HTML
CSS
JavaScript
PHP-MySQL
Which tag adds a new line into a paragraph?
<b> <br> <p>
First line ...<br>
Other line...
Which CSS property can be used to add space between letters?
text-size word-spacing letter-spacing
#id {
  letter-spacing: 2px;
}
What JavaScript function can be used to get access to HTML element with a specified ID?
getElementById() getElementsByTagName() createElement()
var elm = document.getElementById("theID");
var content = elm.innerHTML;
alert(content);
Click on the "echo" correct instruction.
echo "CoursesWeb.net" echo "CoursesWeb.net"; echo ""CoursesWeb.net";
echo "Address URL: http://CoursesWeb.net";
MySQL Database, Query Builder: Join and Union

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