MD5 hash string in JavaScript

The md5() function (presented in this page) can be used in JavaScript to calculate the MD5 hash of a string. Returns the hash as a 32-character hexadecimal number.

Code of the md5() function

/**
*  MD5 (Message-Digest Algorithm)
*  http://www.webtoolkit.info/
**/

function md5(string) {
  function RotateLeft(lValue, iShiftBits) {
    return (lValue<<iShiftBits) | (lValue>>>(32-iShiftBits));
  }

  function AddUnsigned(lX,lY) {
    var lX4,lY4,lX8,lY8,lResult;
    lX8 = (lX & 0x80000000);
    lY8 = (lY & 0x80000000);
    lX4 = (lX & 0x40000000);
    lY4 = (lY & 0x40000000);
    lResult = (lX & 0x3FFFFFFF)+(lY & 0x3FFFFFFF);
    if (lX4 & lY4) {
      return (lResult ^ 0x80000000 ^ lX8 ^ lY8);
    }
    if (lX4 | lY4) {
      if (lResult & 0x40000000) {
        return (lResult ^ 0xC0000000 ^ lX8 ^ lY8);
      } else {
        return (lResult ^ 0x40000000 ^ lX8 ^ lY8);
      }
    } else {
      return (lResult ^ lX8 ^ lY8);
    }
   }

   function F(x,y,z) { return (x & y) | ((~x) & z); }
   function G(x,y,z) { return (x & z) | (y & (~z)); }
   function H(x,y,z) { return (x ^ y ^ z); }
  function I(x,y,z) { return (y ^ (x | (~z))); }
 
  function FF(a,b,c,d,x,s,ac) {
    a = AddUnsigned(a, AddUnsigned(AddUnsigned(F(b, c, d), x), ac));
    return AddUnsigned(RotateLeft(a, s), b);
  };

  function GG(a,b,c,d,x,s,ac) {
    a = AddUnsigned(a, AddUnsigned(AddUnsigned(G(b, c, d), x), ac));
    return AddUnsigned(RotateLeft(a, s), b);
  };

  function HH(a,b,c,d,x,s,ac) {
    a = AddUnsigned(a, AddUnsigned(AddUnsigned(H(b, c, d), x), ac));
    return AddUnsigned(RotateLeft(a, s), b);
  };

  function II(a,b,c,d,x,s,ac) {
    a = AddUnsigned(a, AddUnsigned(AddUnsigned(I(b, c, d), x), ac));
    return AddUnsigned(RotateLeft(a, s), b);
  };

  function ConvertToWordArray(string) {
    var lWordCount;
    var lMessageLength = string.length;
    var lNumberOfWords_temp1=lMessageLength + 8;
    var lNumberOfWords_temp2=(lNumberOfWords_temp1-(lNumberOfWords_temp1 % 64))/64;
    var lNumberOfWords = (lNumberOfWords_temp2+1)*16;
    var lWordArray=Array(lNumberOfWords-1);
    var lBytePosition = 0;
    var lByteCount = 0;
    while ( lByteCount < lMessageLength ) {
      lWordCount = (lByteCount-(lByteCount % 4))/4;
      lBytePosition = (lByteCount % 4)*8;
      lWordArray[lWordCount] = (lWordArray[lWordCount] | (string.charCodeAt(lByteCount)<<lBytePosition));
      lByteCount++;
    }
    lWordCount = (lByteCount-(lByteCount % 4))/4;
    lBytePosition = (lByteCount % 4)*8;
    lWordArray[lWordCount] = lWordArray[lWordCount] | (0x80<<lBytePosition);
    lWordArray[lNumberOfWords-2] = lMessageLength<<3;
    lWordArray[lNumberOfWords-1] = lMessageLength>>>29;
    return lWordArray;
  };

  function WordToHex(lValue) {
    var WordToHexValue="",WordToHexValue_temp="",lByte,lCount;
    for (lCount = 0;lCount<=3;lCount++) {
      lByte = (lValue>>>(lCount*8)) & 255;
      WordToHexValue_temp = "0" + lByte.toString(16);
      WordToHexValue = WordToHexValue + WordToHexValue_temp.substr(WordToHexValue_temp.length-2,2);
    }
    return WordToHexValue;
  };

  function Utf8Encode(string) {
    string = string.replace(/\r\n/g,"\n");
    var utftext = "";

    for (var n = 0; n < string.length; n++) {
      var c = string.charCodeAt(n);

      if (c < 128) {
        utftext += String.fromCharCode(c);
      }
      else if((c > 127) && (c < 2048)) {
        utftext += String.fromCharCode((c >> 6) | 192);
        utftext += String.fromCharCode((c & 63) | 128);
      }
      else {
        utftext += String.fromCharCode((c >> 12) | 224);
        utftext += String.fromCharCode(((c >> 6) & 63) | 128);
        utftext += String.fromCharCode((c & 63) | 128);
      }
    }

    return utftext;
  };

  var x=Array();
  var k,AA,BB,CC,DD,a,b,c,d;
  var S11=7, S12=12, S13=17, S14=22;
  var S21=5, S22=9 , S23=14, S24=20;
  var S31=4, S32=11, S33=16, S34=23;
  var S41=6, S42=10, S43=15, S44=21;

  string = Utf8Encode(string);

  x = ConvertToWordArray(string);

  a = 0x67452301; b = 0xEFCDAB89; c = 0x98BADCFE; d = 0x10325476;

  for (k=0;k<x.length;k+=16) {
    AA=a; BB=b; CC=c; DD=d;
    a=FF(a,b,c,d,x[k+0], S11,0xD76AA478);
    d=FF(d,a,b,c,x[k+1], S12,0xE8C7B756);
    c=FF(c,d,a,b,x[k+2], S13,0x242070DB);
    b=FF(b,c,d,a,x[k+3], S14,0xC1BDCEEE);
    a=FF(a,b,c,d,x[k+4], S11,0xF57C0FAF);
    d=FF(d,a,b,c,x[k+5], S12,0x4787C62A);
    c=FF(c,d,a,b,x[k+6], S13,0xA8304613);
    b=FF(b,c,d,a,x[k+7], S14,0xFD469501);
    a=FF(a,b,c,d,x[k+8], S11,0x698098D8);
    d=FF(d,a,b,c,x[k+9], S12,0x8B44F7AF);
    c=FF(c,d,a,b,x[k+10],S13,0xFFFF5BB1);
    b=FF(b,c,d,a,x[k+11],S14,0x895CD7BE);
    a=FF(a,b,c,d,x[k+12],S11,0x6B901122);
    d=FF(d,a,b,c,x[k+13],S12,0xFD987193);
    c=FF(c,d,a,b,x[k+14],S13,0xA679438E);
    b=FF(b,c,d,a,x[k+15],S14,0x49B40821);
    a=GG(a,b,c,d,x[k+1], S21,0xF61E2562);
    d=GG(d,a,b,c,x[k+6], S22,0xC040B340);
    c=GG(c,d,a,b,x[k+11],S23,0x265E5A51);
    b=GG(b,c,d,a,x[k+0], S24,0xE9B6C7AA);
    a=GG(a,b,c,d,x[k+5], S21,0xD62F105D);
    d=GG(d,a,b,c,x[k+10],S22,0x2441453);
    c=GG(c,d,a,b,x[k+15],S23,0xD8A1E681);
    b=GG(b,c,d,a,x[k+4], S24,0xE7D3FBC8);
    a=GG(a,b,c,d,x[k+9], S21,0x21E1CDE6);
    d=GG(d,a,b,c,x[k+14],S22,0xC33707D6);
    c=GG(c,d,a,b,x[k+3], S23,0xF4D50D87);
    b=GG(b,c,d,a,x[k+8], S24,0x455A14ED);
    a=GG(a,b,c,d,x[k+13],S21,0xA9E3E905);
    d=GG(d,a,b,c,x[k+2], S22,0xFCEFA3F8);
    c=GG(c,d,a,b,x[k+7], S23,0x676F02D9);
    b=GG(b,c,d,a,x[k+12],S24,0x8D2A4C8A);
    a=HH(a,b,c,d,x[k+5], S31,0xFFFA3942);
    d=HH(d,a,b,c,x[k+8], S32,0x8771F681);
    c=HH(c,d,a,b,x[k+11],S33,0x6D9D6122);
    b=HH(b,c,d,a,x[k+14],S34,0xFDE5380C);
    a=HH(a,b,c,d,x[k+1], S31,0xA4BEEA44);
    d=HH(d,a,b,c,x[k+4], S32,0x4BDECFA9);
    c=HH(c,d,a,b,x[k+7], S33,0xF6BB4B60);
    b=HH(b,c,d,a,x[k+10],S34,0xBEBFBC70);
    a=HH(a,b,c,d,x[k+13],S31,0x289B7EC6);
    d=HH(d,a,b,c,x[k+0], S32,0xEAA127FA);
    c=HH(c,d,a,b,x[k+3], S33,0xD4EF3085);
    b=HH(b,c,d,a,x[k+6], S34,0x4881D05);
    a=HH(a,b,c,d,x[k+9], S31,0xD9D4D039);
    d=HH(d,a,b,c,x[k+12],S32,0xE6DB99E5);
    c=HH(c,d,a,b,x[k+15],S33,0x1FA27CF8);
    b=HH(b,c,d,a,x[k+2], S34,0xC4AC5665);
    a=II(a,b,c,d,x[k+0], S41,0xF4292244);
    d=II(d,a,b,c,x[k+7], S42,0x432AFF97);
    c=II(c,d,a,b,x[k+14],S43,0xAB9423A7);
    b=II(b,c,d,a,x[k+5], S44,0xFC93A039);
    a=II(a,b,c,d,x[k+12],S41,0x655B59C3);
    d=II(d,a,b,c,x[k+3], S42,0x8F0CCC92);
    c=II(c,d,a,b,x[k+10],S43,0xFFEFF47D);
    b=II(b,c,d,a,x[k+1], S44,0x85845DD1);
    a=II(a,b,c,d,x[k+8], S41,0x6FA87E4F);
    d=II(d,a,b,c,x[k+15],S42,0xFE2CE6E0);
    c=II(c,d,a,b,x[k+6], S43,0xA3014314);
    b=II(b,c,d,a,x[k+13],S44,0x4E0811A1);
    a=II(a,b,c,d,x[k+4], S41,0xF7537E82);
    d=II(d,a,b,c,x[k+11],S42,0xBD3AF235);
    c=II(c,d,a,b,x[k+2], S43,0x2AD7D2BB);
    b=II(b,c,d,a,x[k+9], S44,0xEB86D391);
    a=AddUnsigned(a,AA);
    b=AddUnsigned(b,BB);
    c=AddUnsigned(c,CC);
    d=AddUnsigned(d,DD);
  }

  var temp = WordToHex(a)+WordToHex(b)+WordToHex(c)+WordToHex(d);

  return temp.toLowerCase();
}
- Usage:
1. Copy the md5() function into your JavaScript script.
2. To get the MD5 hash of a string, calls the md5() function:   md5('string'); .

- Example. The string entered into an input text field will be encrypted with MD5, and added into another input form field.
<form action="#" method="post">
 Enter a text:<br/>
 <input type="text" name="strex" id="strex" size="20" /> <button id="codemd5">Get MD5</button><br/>
 MD5 hash string:<br/>
 <input type="text" name="strmd5" id="strmd5" size="33" />
</form>
<script type="text/javascript">
// Here add the code of the md5() function

// register onclick events for "Get MD5" button
document.getElementById('codemd5').onclick = function() {
  var txt_string = document.getElementById('strex').value;      // gets data from input text

  // encrypts data and adds it in #strmd5 element
  document.getElementById('strmd5').value = md5(txt_string);
  return false;
}
</script>
Demo:
Enter a text:

MD5 hash string: