While loops

The while loops are used to repeat a block of code as long as a specified condition is true.
The while loops have the following syntax:

while (condition) {
  // codeBlock
- If the condition is true, the code within curly brackets is executed, then the script checks again the condition, and if it is still true, "codeBlock" is executed again. This process continues until condition becomes false, or you use a "break" statement to end the loop.

var total:int = 1;

// define a variable (counter) to control the executions number
var i:int=0;

// create a while loop
  total *= 2;
  i++;        // adds 1 to counter (i)

// In Output displays:  2 4 8 16
ActionScript first evaluates the condition (i<4), becouse "i=0", this condition returns true; so, ActionScript executes the loop body.
The loop body sets "total" to its own value multiplied by two, then "trace(total)" output its value, and "i++" adds one to "i" (the counter).
Then, ActionScript evaluates again the condition, and if it is true (now "i" is 1) executes the loop body. This process continues until the value of "i" variable is 4, which is not less than 4, so the condition is false, and the loop ends.
We got the following output:   2 4 8 16

Do While

The do while loop is a variant of the "while()" loop. The difference is that "do while" loop first executes the block of code, and then evaluates the condition.
The syntax is:
do {
  // codeBlock
} while (condition);
var total:int = 1;

// define a variable (counter) to control the executions number
var i:int=1;

// create a do..while loop
  total *= 2;
  trace('total is '+ total);
  i++;        // adds 1 to counter (i)
} while(i<0);

// In Output displays:  total is 2
This code displays in Output panel:   total is 2
As you can notice, although the condition is false (i<0 , but i=1), the code within curly brackets is still executed once.

Daily Test with Code Example

Click on the HTML tag which creates an horizontal line in web page.
<br /> <em> <hr />
Some content ...
<hr />
Content under line ...
Which CSS property defines the text color?
font-style font-variant color
h2 {
  color: #cbdafb;
Click on the function which searches if a character, or text exists in a string.
indexOf() toString() split()
var str = "Web courses - http://CoursesWeb.net/";
if(str.indexOf("http://") == -1) alert("http:// isn`t in string");
else alert("http:// is in string");
Which function splits a string into an array of strings based on a separator?
array_merge() explode() implode()
$str = "apple,banana,melon,pear";
$arr = explode(",", $str);
var_export($arr);      // array (0=>"apple", 1=>"banana", 2=>"melon", 3=>"pear")
While and Do While

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