Before proceeding with the presentation of the ActionScript 3 language elements, here is a simple script to see from the beginning how easily you can create objects (text, shapes) into a Flash presentation using ActionScript code.
- Follow these steps:
- This ActionScript code will display the text "www.marplo.net" in the Flash presentation.
- Open a new Flash document (ActionScript 3.0).
- Right-click on the first Frame in the Timeline, and then choose Actions.
- In the "Actions panel" (the window used to write ActionScript code) add the following code:
var site:TextField = new TextField(); // declare the "site" variable ("TextField" type)
site.text = "www.marplo.net"; // add a text in "site" variable
addChild(site); // add the variable (its value) in Flash presentation
- Press "Ctrl+Enter" to see the result
You can create many other elements in a Flash presentation with ActionScript: lines, geometric shapes, animation, etc.
In the next example we add a square to the presentation created above (see also the explanations in comments).
The FLA file with this example can be downloaded from: Simple script AS3.
- Continue the above example. In the same Actions panel add the code bellow, after the existing code, as shown in this immage:
- If you have closed the Actions panel, right-click on Frame 1 and choose "Actions".
var square:Shape = new Shape; // declare the "square" variable ("Shape" type)
square.graphics.beginFill(0x08fe08); // add a color to "square", with "beginFill(0xRRGGBB)
// define the "square" (position and size, in pixels), with "graphics" property and "drawRect(X, Y, width, height)" method
square.graphics.drawRect(0, 20, 100,100);
addChild(square); // add the square in Flash presentation
- Press "Ctrl+Enter" to see the rezult. Flash will display a window with a text and a green square like in the picture below.
So, step by step, with ActionScript you can create complex Flash presentations, the objects you add and their properties can be controlled with AS3 methods and properties. For example, to add transparency to the square in the example above, you can use the "beginFill(color, nr_alpha)" method (for "nr_alpha" add a number between 0 and 1), like this: square.graphics.beginFill(0x08fe08, 0.5);